Condensed History of the 1st Louisiana Cavalry Regiment, CSA

On the 24th and 25th of November, 1863, 1st Louisiana Cavalry again together as a regiment and were engaged with the enemy on Missionary Ridge. In breastworks, using railroad embankment. Twice drove the enemy advance back before being driven to the tip of the Ridge. Were on the right, under General Hardee. Major John Taylor was severely wounded when trying to rally the regiment in the 3rd advance of the Federals.

The 1st Louisiana Cavalry Regiment was assigned once again to cover the rear of the army as it retreated to Ringgold, Georgia. The regiment fought several skirmishes with the pursuing Yankees during the period.

On January 11, 1864, Lt. General L. Polk, requested that Colonel John S. Scott be recommissioned and that the 1st Louisiana Cavalry Regiment be removed from the Army of Tennessee and assigned to him. The request was endorsed by President Jefferson Davis and S. Cooper. The 1st La. Cavalry Regiment would be exchanged for Gantt's Tennessee Regiment.

From January to February 29, 1864, the regiment was carried as unattached and under the command of Captain E. Green Davis. Reported effective strength of the regiment was 13 Officers and 140 Troopers. From February 22 to February 29, 1864, in front of Gen. Wheeler, skirmishing with the enemy and picketing as the enemy made a reconnaissance in force.

General Polk's reassigning the 1st La. Cavalry to the District of S. Mississippi and E. Louisiana served a two-fold purpose. One being that most of the men of the 1st La. Cav. were from the area parishes and the second being that they were a proven fighting force and would be able to recruit members into the regiment. All the commands in the area were organized under Scott and again, a serious fighting force was active along the lower Mississippi.

On March 3, 1864 and March 8, 1864, elements of the regiment skirmished with the enemy in the area of Baton Rouge, La. It was reported that an advance scout of 30 men of the 4th Wisconsin Cavalry were ambushed about 5 miles from Baton Rouge, with the loss of 2 men killed.

Col. John Scott reported to Lt. Gen. Polk that on the 3rd of May, 1864, his brigade of 550 men was attacked by 3 regiments of infantry, 800 cavalry and a battery of 4 Sawyer guns at Comite Bridge, near Olive Branch Church, near Baton Rouge, and the brigade repulsed the enemy most gallantly.

On May 15, 1864, the regiment attacked Mount Pleasant Landing, La. and burned the sawmill, several outbuildings and taking the stock and equipment and prisoners from the 67th U. S. Colored Infantry. The regiment was pursued by elements of the 118 Illinois and the 78th Colored Infantry and the 12th Massachusetts Battery. A heated skirmish soon took place and the pursuit by the Federals was discontinued.

On the afternoon of the 28th May, 1864, elements of the regiment attacked the Pest House, opposite Port Hudson, La. and destroyed much of the medical facilities and telegraph line and poles. Taken prisoner in the raid was a Union Physician, Ass't. Surgeon Mason, 6th Michigan Heavy Artillery. No pursuit by the enemy.

On the 15th June, 1864, elements of Scott's Brigade attacked the gun-boat 53 at Ratliff's Landing, causing enough damage to the boat that it had to be beached on Cat Island Bar.

On the 16th June, 1864, the brigade attacked the "General Bragg" tin-clad gunboat and fired 42 rounds of artillery at it, striking it with 32 rounds, totally disabling it and killing or wounding the crew. The Bragg was towed from the scene by a monitor. Later this date, during the night, attack made on the U. S. Transport Landis, 6 miles north of Port Hudson, and Landis sunk before reaching Baton Rouge.

On the 17th June, 1864, at Newport's Cross-Roads, the regiment fought a skirmish with Yankee Infantry and Cavalry and repulsed their advance, causing them to retreat to their previous location.

On the 4th of August, 1864, at daylight, Col. John Scott and approximately 500 troopers of the brigade attacked the Stockade at Doyal's Plantation, defended by elements of the 11th New York Cavalry. After a brief display on the Union positions, Col. Scott sent a Flag of Truce forward and demanded the unconditional surrender of the forces and gave a 5 minute time limit. The Yankees charged out of the stockade and through the lines of the brigade. Several were wounded and killed but were able to make good their escape but left behind all their sick and wounded. Total captured were 92. Also taken by Scott's men were 130 horses and equipment.

On learning that the Federals were camped about 1 mile from Jackson, La., at Thompson's Creek, Col. John Scott, commanding the 1st Louisiana Cavalry Regiment, 86 troopers strong and 21 pieces of artillery, attacked the Union forces, Infantry and cavalry and 1 battery artillery, approximately 2,000 strong, at daylight of the 5th of October, 1864. With the aid of the 1st La. Cav.'s sharpshooters erasing the threat of artillery and their own artillery, soon had the enemy routed from their camp. A feeble attempt was made by the Federals at Alexander's Creek, one mile from St. Francisville, but only to cover the retreat to their boats.

On the evening of the 9th and morning of the 10th October, the 1st Louisiana Cavalry skirmished with the Yankees between Woodville and Bayou Sara, again driving them back to their boats at Bayou Sara. In the engagements with the enemy, the Union lost 65 killed and wounded and the 1st La. Cavalry lost 1 killed and 4 wounded.

Previous Page

Next Page